L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped

Le grand art

Six million visitors in 16 days: Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s “L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped” has also been a commercial success.

No tickets or reservations were required to admire and touch the artwork.

An estimated 6 million people viewed Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped, Paris, 1961 – 2021 during its 16 days from September 18 through October 3, 2021. The project, realized in partnership with the Centre des monuments nationaux (CMN), in coordination with the City of Paris and with the support of Centre Pompidou, wrapped the Arc de Triomphe monument in 25,000 square meters of recyclable silvery blue fabric and 3,000 meters of recyclable red rope.

The artwork was free and accessible to the public, no tickets or reservations were required to view and touch the temporary work of art. The artwork of Christo and Jeanne-Claude created an exceptional enthusiasm: six million visitors came to admire L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped”.

Like all of Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s past projects, L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped received no public funds or sponsorships, and was entirely funded through the sale of original works of art by Christo, including preparatory studies and collages, models, artworks from the 1950s and 1960s and lithographs. The cost of the project was approximately 14,000,000 Euros (16 million USD). The cost includes planning, engineering, building, staffing, maintenance, and removal of the work of art.

Of the 6 million visitors, an estimated 3.2 million were tourists. This means an approximate 235 million euros in tourism revenue during the 16 days.

More than 1,200 workers contributed to the project, including manufacturers, engineers, building contractors, onsite monitors, and security personnel. The construction team was made up of 140 individuals with 95 climbers, who unfolded the fabric panels on each of the four facades of the Arc de Triomphe from its rooftop terrace.

Over 350 welcome monitors greeted visitors to the artwork and handed out free fabric samples throughout its 16 days. The majority of monitors were from France, however, they represented approximately 20 different nationalities, and languages spoken including French, English, Italian, Spanish, German, Bulgarian, Chinese, and Japanese.

According to the Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau, an estimated 6 million Parisians and visitors from around the world experienced L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped, Paris, 1961-2021 in person and explored the area outside of its perimeter, including shops and restaurants. Of these 6 million, it is estimated that 3.2 million were visitors (tourists staying in the area or day-trippers who spent several hours near to the monument) and 1.1 million were primarily motivated to see the artwork, generating an estimated 235 million euros in tourism revenue during their stays.

The Place de l’Etoile was closed to car traffic for the three weekends of the exhibition and was reserved entirely for pedestrians.

To enable visitors to enjoy L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped, Paris, 1961-2021 safely and close up, the Place de l’Etoile was closed to vehicular traffic and pedestrianized for the three weekends of the display. This exceptional closure to traffic was organized with the support of the City of Paris and the Préfecture de Police, and enabled over 1.4 million Parisians and visitors to enjoy the artwork car free thanks to the pedestrian perimeter during the weekends.

Deinstallation of L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped, Paris, 1961-2021, began on October 4 and ended by November 10, 2021. During this time, the interiors and the panoramic terrace of the monument, managed by the CMN, remained open to the public.

As done in all past projects by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, the materials used to create L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped will be reused, upcycled, and recycled.

Christo died on 31 May 2020 at his home in New York City. He worked on L’Arc de Triomphe, Wrapped until the end. The project was realised under the direction of his nephew.

Project data


Christo und Jeanne-Claude


City of Paris
Centre des monuments nationaux (CMN),


Arc de Triomphe
Pl. Charles de Gaulle
F – 75008 Paris




Wolfgang Volz
André Grossmann


Christo und Jeanne-Claude




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